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Culture of Spain

  Spanish culture and traditions have been formed for centuries under the influence of various peoples conquering the territory of the state in different periods of history. For a long time the country was under the rule of the Roman Empire, at that time the Christian movement formed. But at the beginning of the year 700 AD Spain was conquered by Arab peoples. Their reign lasted a long time, and that Eastern culture has brought many unique traditions and styles in art and architecture of the locals. Traveling to Toledo and Valencia, you can see a lot of details in the design of buildings, similar to Middle-East styles.



 The Arab rule in Spain was interrupted by Reconquista. During this period a mixture of Christian and Muslim religions and cultures was being formed. The consequence of this phenomenon is the emergence of a new architecture style called Mudejar. Mixing a skill and beauty of Renaissance, Gothic and Moorish, this style was adopted only in this hot country, decorating a large number of buildings constructed during this period. You can see Mudejar style visiting castles, churches, cathedrals and palaces of the period.


After that the territory of Spain was settled by European nations until the middle of the XV century, when the major neighboring kingdoms were united in one state.




Most of old cities in Spain can be considered museums. To learn more about Spanish culture and identity of the place, you must spend there definitely more than one month. Every building and every door hides a story or a legend. There are architectural decorations and mosaic masonry – all that was created by advanced masters.

The culture of Spain gave the world a large number of writers, artists and musicians. “The Ingenious Hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha” is known to every schoolboy, and the author of this story is a great Spaniard Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra. Federico García Lorca, Lope de Vega, Francisco Quevedo – just to name a few writers who glorified their country.


 In the world of paintings there are also many artists from Spain. Francisco Goya, Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dali enriched the world with their masterpieces that are incredibly popular up to now, and their genius is recognized worldwide. Also, many of the artists born not in Spain came to this land in search of inspiration and beauty.

The music in this country is of course associated with the guitar. Spain is the motherland of this music instrument. Spanish virtuoso guitarists are great in their skills. Sophisticated algorithms, beautiful melodies and passionate songs - all of this can be heard in the streets of Spain.


          At first sight


Flamenco, siesta, bullfights, cockfights and guitar - all of those things are consistently associated with Spain and lead to its origins. Bullfighting - is, first and foremost, an ancient ritual. Later, it becomes the entertainment for the rich nobility, with the participation of the knight on a horse and a bull. And only in the XVIII century the bullfighters take part in the show to impress the spectators by their skills in fighting the bull. This action can be seen only in Spain. It is carried out in 6 cities: Pamplona, Granada, Malaga, Seville, Valencia and Madrid.


Flamenco can be recognized at the first sound of guitars and castanets. This hot fiery dance shows all the temperament and character of the Spaniards. It appeared long ago in the territory of Andalusia, when the Roma lived there. Having imbibed the culture of the locals, as well as Moorish and Arabic, flamenco was created. For a long time only the descendants of the Roma were taught the art of the dance, but after a while it became accessible to all, and this dance won the hearts of Spaniards and many other nations.

The homeland of a guitar is also Spain. It was created on the basis of oriental musical instruments, which also have the body and the neck. One of them is the lute. For a long time the guitar was three and four-stringed. Five-stringed instrument appears in the XVII century and much later a six-string guitar appeared.

 Cockfights are widespread and popular in Spain. Such entertainment is available to almost everyone including tourists. In this action only specially grown and trained roosters take place.


Siesta is a midday rest, which is a must-have of the day in Spanish regime. It is especially important in summer when the sun is very active. For a newcomer who is not familiar with the culture of this country, the siesta phenomenon seems somewhat surprising. At this time, all the traffic in the city stops, streets are empty and quiet, and all the shops and cafes closed. This is because Spaniards spend the time to take a nap, take a shower or go to the beach, to get prepared for long working hours in the evening.


              Festivals and food


  In Spain all religious, national and state holidays are celebrated. And since these dates occupy almost the entire calendar – you can see real Spanish holiday visiting in this country at any time. Spanish people are professionals in this business. Any celebration they make is colorful, cheerful, active and unforgettable.

 Spanish cuisine, as well as its culture, has been shaped by different peoples. Conventionally, it is divided into several zones. Each has its own specific food and beverages.

 What make these zones of cuisine alike are: hot sauce for dinner and refreshing drinks for siesta. And, of course, gazpacho and paella dishes which are known in every corner of the globe.